• Contractor
  • Anywhere

World Health Organization (WHO)

Consultant: Scoping review on software-as-a-medical device

( 2209436 )

Contractual Arrangement : External consultant

Contract Duration (Years, Months, Days) : 6 months

Job Posting: Oct 20, 2022, 7:38:32 AM

Purpose of consultancy

To conduct a scoping review on software as a medical device, with a focus on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR).


Software as a medical device (SaMD), defined as software intended to be used for one or more medical purposes that perform these purposes without being part of a hardware medical device, is an emerging area in digital health and with significant relevance to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Despite the growing interest in this area, there is very limited understanding of how SaMD function, the use cases for SRHR, and the host of general regulatory, ethical, and operational implications.

In response to a recommendation from the Scientific and Technical Advisory Group (STAG) of the Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Research, this consultancy is focused on the publication of a scoping review on to the use of SAMD, including implications for SRHR. This consultancy seeks to contribute to knowledge syntheses on SaMD, as well as presenting key considerations and future implications, particularly for SRHR. The scoping review will focus on the areas related to (i) definitions/how SaMD function, (ii) opportunities and use cases relevant to SRHR, and (iii) general challenges and considerations, including ethical, regulatory, equity implications.


  • Final protocol for the scoping review.
  • Draft manuscript.
  • Final manuscript to be submitted for peer-review publication.

Detailed activities:

  • Refine and finalize protocol for conducting the scoping review protocol.
  • Conduct abstract and full-text screening of articles based on final scoping review protocol.
  • Document methodology and outputs of the screening process.
  • Develop data extraction form based on agreed parameters for summarizing included studies.
  • Populate the data extraction form .
  • Summarize and analyze findings in a coherent format.
  • Draft manuscript for review.
  • Revise and finalize manuscript based on feedback from contributing authors.

Qualifications, experience, skills and languages

Educational Qualifications:


  • Advanced degree (Master’s level) in public health, health information systems, international development or related field.


  • Degree or certification related to medical devices, ethics, machine learning, artificial intelligence.



  • At least five years’ relevant work experience conducting research on digital technologies for public health uses.
  • Experience in conducting scoping and systematic reviews.


  • Experience with software as a medical device, medical device regulations, machine learning/artificial intelligence.
  • Experience with systematic review tools, such as Covidence.


  • Knowledge of scoping review methodology, including screening and selecting relevant studies; extracting findings, and summarizing and reporting the results.
  • Excellent writing skills.
  • Close attention to detail.

Languages required:

Essential: Expert knowledge of English.

Desirable: Intermediate knowledge of another official UN language.


Home based – Off-site.


No travel is expected.

Remuneration and budget (travel costs are excluded):


Pay Band B

USD 7,000

9,980 per month

Living expenses (A living expense is payable to on-site consultants who are internationally recruited):


Expected duration of contract:

6 months

Additional Information

  • This vacancy notice may be used to identify candidates for other similar consultancies at the same level.
  • Only candidates under serious consideration will be contacted.
  • A written test may be used as a form of screening.
  • If your candidature is retained for interview, you will be required to provide, in advance, a scanned copy of the degree(s)/diploma(s)/certificate(s) required for this position. WHO only considers higher educational qualifications obtained from an institution accredited/recognized in the World Higher Education Database (WHED), a list updated by the International Association of Universities (IAU)/United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The list can be accessed through the link: (link) Some professional certificates may not appear in the WHED and will require individual review.
  • For information on WHO’s operations please visit: (link)
  • WHO is committed to workforce diversity.
  • WHO has a smoke-free environment and does not recruit smokers or users of any form of tobacco.
  • Applications from women and from nationals of non and underrepresented Member States are particularly encouraged.
  • WHO prides itself on a workforce that adheres to the highest ethical and professional standards and that is committed to put the WHO Values Charter into practice.
  • WHO has zero tolerance towards sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA), sexual harassment and other types of abusive conduct (i.e., discrimination, abuse of authority and harassment). All members of the WHO workforce have a role to play in promoting a safe and respectful workplace and should report to WHO any actual or suspected cases of SEA, sexual harassment and other types of abusive conduct. To ensure that individuals with a substantiated history of SEA, sexual harassment or other types of abusive conduct are not hired by the Organization, WHO will conduct a background verification of final candidates.
  • Consultants shall perform the work as independent contractors in a personal capacity, and not as a representative of any entity or authority. The execution of the work under a consultant contract does not create an employer/employee relationship between WHO and the Consultant.
  • WHO shall have no responsibility whatsoever for any taxes, duties, social security contributions or other contributions payable by the Consultant. The Consultant shall be solely responsible for withholding and paying any taxes, duties, social security contributions and any other contributions which are applicable to the Consultant in each location/jurisdiction in which the work hereunder is performed, and the Consultant shall not be entitled to any reimbursement thereof by WHO.
  • Consultants working in Switzerland must register with the applicable Swiss cantonal tax authorities and social security authorities, within the prescribed timeframes (Guidelines issued by the Swiss Mission are available at: (link)-onu-geneve/en/home/manual-regime-privileges-and-immunities/introduction/Manuel-personnes-sans-privileges-et-immunites-carte-H/Non fonctionnaires et stagiaires.html
Tags: artificial intelligence, covid, ethics, health information, information systems, machine learning, medical devices, reproductive health, social security contributions